A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
If you would like to suggest a change or to submit a new term, please email us at email@example.com. We appreciate your input.
Acid - Any of various typically water-soluble and sour compounds that in solution are capable of reacting with a base to form a salt, redden litmus, and have a pH less than 7.
Acid protease - This type of protease is simply a variety of the same enzyme that has a high resistance to acid. Because the stomach can sometimes get very acidic, adding acid protease to our blend helps to break down protein effectively even at low pH (high acid levels).
Agglomerization - The process by which particles are bound together into other size aggregates. This is a wet process utilizing Glatt machinery, and resulting in tablets of desired size and flowability.
Alkali - A soluble salt obtained from the ashes of plants and consisting largely of potassium or sodium carbonate.
Alkaline - Basic; having a pH of more than 7.
Amino Acid - Any of a class of molecules that are combined to form proteins.
Amylase - An enzyme that helps the body break down specific parts of starchy carbohydrates from vegetables, like potatoes and grains.
Amyloglucosidase - A type of amylase enzyme that also has a specific function in helping to break down starches. The combination of these two types of amylase helps to complete digestion of starches.
Bacteria - Single-celled microorganisms which can exist either as independent (free-living) organisms or as parasites (dependent upon another organism for survival). The singular is "bacterium".
Beta-fructofuranosidase - A type of enzyme that hydrolyzes sucrose into glucose and fructose.
Biochemical - Characterized by, produced by, or involving chemical reactions in living organisms.
Bromelain - A type of protease enzyme, obtained especially from the pineapple, that breaks down proteins to form peptides and amino acids.
Burn - The painful feeling brought on by the build-up of lactic acid and other muscle metabolites during workout sessions.
Cap - The front, middle and rear components of the shoulder’s deltoid muscles, divided up for training purposes.
Carbohydrate - A broad category of sugars and starches that the body eventually converts to glucose, the body's primary source of energy. There are two classes of carbohydrates—simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are the sugars, which include glucose and fructose from fruits and vegetables, sucrose from beet or cane sugar and lactose from milk. Simple carbohydrates are absorbed by the body very quickly. Complex carbohydrates include starches and fiber and are most commonly found in whole grains and legumes. Complex carbohydrates, which are generally large chains of glucose molecules, take longer to digest and provide more nutrients than simple carbohydrates.
Cellulase - A type of enzyme that breaks down cellulose.
Cellulose - A polysaccharide carbohydrate composed of linked glucose units in an indigestible form. It is the main constituent of plant cell walls.
Cheat - The process of using your body’s momentum to stop a weight from moving after you would have been unable to keep the correct form.
Chromatography - A method for identifying substances and testing the purity of their compounds. Components of a substance separate and the rate at which they adsorb and dissolve is measured. Substance-specific chromatography methods include Thin-Layer Chromatography (TLC), Gas Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and Three-Dimensional HPLC.
Cycle - 1. A specific amount of time set aside to train, whether for increasing muscle mass, getting leaner, etc. 2. Also known as one or more bodybuilding performance aids/substances taken over a set period of time.
Digestive system - The organs that take in food and turn it into products that the body can use to stay healthy. Waste products the body cannot use, leave the body through bowel movements. The digestive system includes the salivary glands, mouth, esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, intestines, and rectum.
Fat - Numerous compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that are glycerides of fatty acids. Fats are the chief constituents of plant and animal fat, a major class of energy-rich food, and are soluble in organic solvents but not in water.
Fungi - Eukaryotes (organisms whose cells have nuclei) which are incapable of making their own food by photosynthesis and survive by breaking down chemical compounds made by plants and bacteria to waste products, just like we do.
Glucose - A common sugar, one of many with the chemical formula C6O6H12. Glucose is the fundamental building block of many biopolymers, including starch and cellulose, and is the starting material for the serious biochemical reactions used to obtain energy in most "higher" organisms.
Granulation - The process by which a non-compressible nutritional powder is converted to a compressible granule. Dry granulation results in a compaction-densification excellent for capsules and tablets.
Hemicellulase - A type of enzyme that is a teammate of cellulase. Cellulase can only break down certain parts of cellulose; hemicellulase finishes the job and completes the breakdown of cellulose for total digestion.
Insoluble - Not dissolvable. With respect to bioavailability, certain substances form insoluble complexes that cannot be dissolved in digestive secretions, and therefore cannot be absorbed by the digestive tract.
Isoleucine - One of the 20 most common natural amino acids and coded for DNA. Its chemical composition is identical to that of leucine, but the arrangement of its atoms is slightly different resulting in different properties. It is also an essential amino acid.
Leucine - An essential amino acid obtained by the hydrolysis of protein by pancreatic enzymes during digestion and necessary for optimal growth in infants and children and for the maintenance of nitrogen balance in adults.
Oligosaccharide - A chain of sugars attached through O- or N-linked chemical bonds. Oligosacchariades are often attached to cell surface proteins or lipids. Specific oligosaccharide structures can vary between cells, and may be a marker for tumor cells.
Protein - A large, complex molecule composed of amino acids. Proteins are essential to the structure, function, and regulation of the body. Examples are muscle, peptide hormones, enzymes and antibodies.
Quality Assurance - The procedures established to ensure that a product is manufactured, or a clinical trial is performed, in compliance with the appropriate standards and regulatory requirements, and that the process or results are properly documented.
Starch - Starch is the main source of food energy for most of the world's human population. It can be considered to be a polymer of glucose, like cellulose, although the linkages in starch are different to those in cellulose.